Descriptive words and phrases spice up the English language! Adjectives are
one type of descriptive word; they describe nouns. Adverbs are descriptive words
that usually describe verbs. Groups of words called prepositional phrases can
describe both nouns and verbs. The use of descriptive words and phrases can
certainly make sentences more interesting!
- Grammar The set of rules that explains how we use language.
- Descriptive words Words that tell us more about other words.
Adjectives and adverbs are descriptive words.
- Descriptive phrases Groups of words that tell us more about
other words. Prepositional phrases are descriptive phrases.
- Noun A word that names a person, place or thing.
- Adjective A word that describes a noun.
- Verbs Words that show action or being.
- Adverbs Words that usually describe verbs.
- Prepositions Words that connect with nouns, pronouns or noun
families. Some examples of prepositions are by, to, with, at and for.
- Noun family A noun and all the words that go with it.
- Prepositional phrase A group of words made up of a preposition
and a noun, pronoun or noun family.
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Word Check On Line
Using adjectives to compare nouns: Sometimes you add –er to an adjective to compare nouns (e.g., fast,
faster;“Shelly is a faster runner than Jay.”). To single one noun out of many, add –est to most adjectives (e.g.,
fast, fastest;“Shelly is the fastest runner in the class.”). Sometimes you use “more” or “most” before an adjective to compare nouns.
“More” can be used before an adjective to compare two nouns (e.g.,“The
zoo was more interesting than the park.”). “Most” can be used to single one noun out of many (e.g.,“That is the
most beautiful flower I have ever seen.”) Using adverbs to compare verbs:
- Just like with adjectives, adverbs can be used to compare verbs by
adding –er or –est (e.g.,“Carol jumped higher than Chris.” OR “Carol jumped
highest of all.”).
- “More” or “most” can also be used before an adverb to compare verbs
(e.g.,“Nancy walks more quickly than Kirsten.” OR “Of all her classmates,
studies most seriously.”).